What are test automation principles?


Sep 2, 2022

Reading Time: 3 Min

There are various principles that can be adopted when automating software tests. Some of these principles include:

1. Use the correct tool for the job: Not all test automation tools are created equal. It is important to select a tool that is well suited for the task at hand. For example, Selenium is a popular open source tool for web application testing, but it would not be the best choice for testing a desktop application.

2. Keep it simple: When creating test automation scripts, it is important to keep them as simple as possible. This will make them easier to maintain and less likely to break.

3. Don’t automate everything: It is important to remember that not everything needs to be automated. It is often more efficient to manually test certain areas of the software.

4. Follow the testing pyramid: The testing pyramid is a guideline that suggests what percentage of your tests should be automated. The pyramid is inverted, with the majority of your tests being at the bottom (Unit tests) and the fewest at the top (UI tests).

5. Make use of open source tools: There are many excellent open source test automation tools available, such as Selenium and Appium. These tools can save you a lot of money compared to commercial alternatives.

6. Utilize cloud-based testing platforms: Cloud-based testing platforms, such as BrowserStack and Sauce Labs, can be extremely helpful when automating tests. These platforms provide a wide variety of browsers and devices that can be used for testing.

7. Invest in good test management software: A good test management tool, such as TestRail, can make it much easier to manage your test automation efforts. This type of software can provide features such as reporting and integration with issue tracking tools.

8. Create robust test data: It is important to have high-quality test data when automating tests. This data should be realistic and representative of the production data.

9. Use continuous integration: Continuous integration (CI) is a process in which changes to the code are automatically built and tested. This can be extremely helpful when automating tests, as it allows you to quickly verify that the changes have not broken the existing functionality.

10. Adopt a test-driven development approach: Test-driven development (TDD) is a methodology in which the tests are written before the code. This can be beneficial when automating tests, as it forces you to think about the tests first and helps to ensure that the tests are comprehensive.

Other related questions:

What are the principles of automation?

1. Automation should increase efficiency and productivity while reducing costs.

2. Automation should improve quality and consistency while reducing errors.

3. Automation should simplify processes and make them easier to understand and follow.

4. Automation should provide real-time data and feedback to decision-makers.

5. Automation should be flexible and adaptable to changing conditions.

What are the 3 classifications of testing?

1. Unit testing – testing the functionality of individual software components

2. Integration testing – testing the interactions between components

3. System testing – testing the end-to-end functionality of the system

What are the six 6 steps in the automated test lifecycle?

1. Define the scope of the testing effort.

2. Identify the test environment.

3. Identify the test objectives.

4. Identify the test approach.

5. Identify the test cases.

6. Execute the tests.

What are the types of testing in automation?

There are many types of testing in automation, but some of the most common are unit testing, integration testing, and system testing.


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